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Sunday 7 June 2020
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 317 Stainless Steel Data Sheet

Alloy

UNS Number

SAE Number

  317L

  S301703

   

 

GENERAL PROPERTIES

 
Alloy 317L (UNS S31703) is a low carbon corrosion resistant austenitic chromium-nickel-molybdenum stainless steel. The high levels of these elements assure the alloy has superior chloride pitting and general corrosion resistance to the conventional 304/304L and 316/316L grades. The alloy provides improved resistance relative to 316L in strongly corrosive environments containing sulphurous media, chlorides, and other halides. The low carbon content of Alloy 317L enables it to be welded without intergranular corrosion resulting from chromium carbide precipitation enabling it to be used in the as-welded condition. With the addition of nitrogen as a strengthening agent, the alloy can be dual certified as Alloy 317 (UNS S31700). Alloy 317L is non-magnetic in the annealed condition. It cannot be hardened by heat treatment; however the material will harden due to cold working. Alloy 317L can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices. 

  • Ease of cleaning  
  • Excellent formability  
  • Resistance to oxidation  
  • Resistance to corrosion  
  • Prevention of product contamination  
  • East of fabrication  
  • Beauty of appearance  
  • High strength with low weight  
  • Good strength and toughness at cryogenic temperatures  
  • Ready availability of a wide range of product forms  

 
 

RESISTANCE TO CORROSION

 

The higher molybdenum content of Alloy 317L assures superior general and localized corrosion resistance in most media when compared with 304/304L and 316/316L stainless steels. Environments that don’t attack 304/304L stainless steel will normally not corrode 317L. One exception, however, are strongly oxidizing acids such as nitric acid. Alloys that contain molybdenum generally do not perform as well in these environments. 

Alloy 317L has excellent corrosion resistance in a wide range of chemicals. It resists attack in sulfuric acid, acidic chlorine and phosphoric acid. It is used in handling hot organic and fatty acids often present in food and pharmaceutical processing applications. The corrosion resistance of 317 and 317L should be the same in any given environment. The one exception is where the alloy will be exposed to temperatures in the chromium carbide precipitation range of 800 – 1500°F (427 – 816°C). Because of its low carbon content, 317L is the preferred material in this service to guard against intergranular corrosion. In general, austenitic stainless steels are subject to chloride stress corrosion cracking in halide service. Although 317L is somewhat more resistant to stress corrosion cracking than 304/304L stainless steels, because of its higher molybdenum content, it is still susceptible. The higher chromium, molybdenum and nitrogen content of 317L enhance its ability to resist pitting and crevice corrosion in the presence of chlorides and other halides. The Pitting Resistance Equivalent including Nitrogen number (PREN) is a relative measure of pitting resistance. The following chart offers a comparison Alloy 317L and other austenitic stain 

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

 

Melting Point 

Density

Specific Gravity

Modulus of Elasticity 
in Tension

  2540 – 2630°F  1390 – 1440°C 

  0.285 lbs / in3  7.89 g /cm3  

  7.98 

  29.0 x 106 psi  200 GPa 

 
 

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 

 

Alloy

Temper

Tensile Strength 
Minimum  
(psi)

Yield Strength 
Minimum 0.2% offset  
(psi)

% Elongation 
in 2" Minimum

Notes

317

Annealed

75,000

30,000

40 %

-

-

 
 

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES 

 

Alloy

C

Mn

P

S

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

Cu

N

Other

317L

.30

2.00

.045

.030

.75

18.00-20.00

11.00-15.00

3.00-4.00

.75

.10

-

 

 
 

WELDING 

 
Alloy 317L can be readily welded by most standard processes. A post weld heat treatment is not necessary 
 

HEAT TREATMENT 

 
Working temperatures of 1652 – 2102°F (900 – 1150°C) are recommended for hot working processes. Do not work this alloy below 1742°F (950°C). If the final forming temperature falls below this threshold, a solution anneal of 1976 – 2156°F (1080 – 1180°C) is necessary. Rapid quenching is required 

Contact Us

 

contact phoneT: + 44 (0)1902 409316
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Willenhall
West Midlands
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F: + 44 (0)1902 409304
E: sales@quest4alloys.com