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Friday 28 February 2020
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 310S Stainless Steel Data Sheet

10s

Alloy

UNS Number

SAE Number

  310s

  S31000

   

 

GENERAL PROPERTIES

 
Alloy 310 (UNS S31000) is an austenitic stainless steel developed for use in high temperature corrosion resistant applications. The alloy resists oxidation up to 2010°F (1100°C) under mildly cyclic conditions. Because of its high chromium and moderate nickel content, Alloy 310 is resistant to sulfidation and can also be used in moderately carburizing atmospheres. The more severe carburizing atmospheres of thermal process equipment usually require nickel alloys such as 330 (UNS N08330). Alloy 310 can be utilized in slightly oxidizing, nitriding, cementing and thermal cycling applications, albeit, the maximum service temperature must be reduced. Alloy 310 also finds usage in cryogenic applications with low magnetic permeability and toughness down to -450°F (-268°C).  When heated between 1202 – 1742°F (650 – 950°C) the alloy is subject to sigma phase precipitation. A solution annealing treatment at 2012 – 2102°F (1100 – 1150°C) will restore a degree of toughness. 310S (UNS S31008) is the low carbon version of the alloy. It is utilized for ease of fabrication. 310H (UNS S31009) is a high carbon modification developed for enhanced creep resistance. In most instances the grain size and carbon content of the plate can meet both the 310S and 310H requirements.  Alloy 310 can be easily welded and processed by standard shop fabrication practices 

   

  • Food Processing 
  • Furnaces — burners, doors, fans, piping and recuperators
  • Fluidized Bed Furnaces — coal combustors, grids, piping, wind boxes 
  • Ore Processing/Steel Plants — smelter and steel melting equipment, continuous casting     equipment 
  • Petroleum Refining — catalytic recovery systems, flares, recuperators, tube hangers 
  • Power Generation — coal gasifier internals, pulverized coal burners, tube hangers 
  • Sintering/Cement Plants — burners, burner shields, feeding and discharging systems, wind boxes 
  • Thermal Processing — annealing covers and boxes, burner grids, doors, fans, muffles and retorts, recuperators, walking beams

RESISTANCE TO CORROSION

Alloy 310 is not designed for service in wet corrosive environments. The high carbon content, which is present to enhance creep properties, has a detrimental effect on aqueous corrosion resistance. The alloy is prone to intergranular corrosion after long term exposure at high temperatures. However, due to its high chromium content (25%), Alloy 310 is more corrosion resistant than most heat resistant alloys.  

High Temperature Corrosion The high chromium (25%) and silicon (0.6%) content of Alloy 310 make it more resistant to high temperature corrosion in most in-service environments. Operating temperatures are listed below. Oxidizing conditions (max sulphur content – 2 g/m3)  1922°F (1050°C) continuous service  2012°F (1100°C) peak temperature Oxidizing conditions (max sulphur greater than 2 g/m3)  1742°F (950°C) maximum temperature Low oxygen atmosphere (max sulphur content – 2 g/m3)  1832°F (1000°C) maximum temperature Nitriding or carburizing atmospheres   1562 – 1742°F (850 – 950°C) maximum The alloy does not perform as well as Alloy 600 (UNS N06600) or Alloy 800 (UNS N08800) in reducing, nitriding or carburizing atmospheres, but it does outperform most heat resistant stainless steels in these conditions. 

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

 

Melting Point 

Density

Specific Gravity

Modulus of Elasticity 
in Tension

2470 – 2555°F 

 1354– 1402°C 

0.285 Ibs/in3 

 7.89 g/cm3 

  7.98 

28.5 x 106 psi  196 GPa 

 
 

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES 

 

Alloy

Temper

Tensile Strength 
Minimum  
(psi)

Yield Strength 
Minimum 0.2% offset  
(psi)

% Elongation 
in 2" Minimum

Notes

310s 

Annealed 

80,000 

35,000 

45% 

-

 
 

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES 

 

Alloy

cch

Mn

P

S

Si

Cr

Ni

Mo

310s

.25

2.00

.045

.030

1.50

24.00-

26.00

19.00-

22.00

4.00

-

5.00

 

 
 

WELDING 

Alloy 310 can be readily welded by most standard processes including TIG, PLASMA, MIG, SMAW, SAW and FCAW. 

 
 
 

HEAT TREATMENT 
 
 

Heat uniformly at 1742 – 2192°F (950 – 1200°C). After hot forming a final anneal at 1832 – 2101°F (1000 – 1150°C) followed by rapid quenching is recommended 

Contact Us

 

contact phoneT: + 44 (0)1902 409316
Fusion House
The Crescent
Willenhall
West Midlands
WV13 2QR

F: + 44 (0)1902 409304
E: sales@quest4alloys.com