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Friday 28 February 2020
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet
  • 440 Stainless Steel Data Sheet

 

Alloy

UNS Number

SAE Number

440

 UNS S4400

 

GENERAL PROPERTIES

Grade 440C stainless steels are high carbon steels, which attain the highest hardness, wear resistance and strength of all stainless steel grades after heat treatment. These properties make this grade suitable for applications such as valve components and ball bearings. Grade 440A and 440B stainless steels, on the other hand, have similar properties - except for a slightly lower percentage of carbon in grade 440A.

All three forms of grade 440 steels are commonly used. However, grade 440C is more readily available than the other standard grades. Grade 440F, a free-machining type of grade 440 series, is also available with a high carbon content similar to that of grade 440C. Martensitic steel grades are high-hardness steels, usually fabricated using techniques that require hardening and tempering treatments.

These grades have a corrosion resistance lower than that of other austenitic grades. The applications of martensitic steels are limited by the loss of strength caused by over-tempering at high temperatures, and loss of ductility at temperatures below zero.

 

RESISTANCE TO CORROSION

Grade 440 stainless steels exhibit excellent resistance to mild acids, alkalis, foods, fresh water and air. A smooth polished surface also helps grade 440 steels resist corrosion in tempered, passivated and hardened conditions.

Grade 440C steels exhibit corrosion resistance similar to that of grade 304 steels.

 

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Melting Point

Density

Specific Gravity

Modulus of Elasticity
in Tension

 1370 – 1480 ℃

  7.65g/cm3

7.70

200 GPa

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Alloy

Tensile Strength
Minimum
(psi)

Yield Strength
Minimum 0.2% offset

(psi)

% Elongation
in 2" Minimum

       

440 A/B/C Annealed *

109,938.58

64,976.89

14

 

 

 

 

CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Alloy

C

Si

Mn

P

S

Cr

Mo

440A

0.75

1.00

1.00

0.04

0.03

16.00 – 18.00

0.75

440B

0.95

1.00

1.00

0.04

0.03

16.00 – 18.00

0.75

440C

1.20

1.00

1.00

0.04

0.03

16.00 – 18.00

0.75

WELDING

During welding, grade 440 stainless steels are pre-heated at 250°C, followed by full annealing. Grade 420 filler rods can be used to achieve a high hardness weld. Grade 309 or 310 filler rods will, however, provide soft welds, having high ductility.

HEAT TREATMENT

Annealing — Grade 440 stainless steels are full annealed at 850 to 900°C, followed by slow furnace-cooling at about 600°C and air-cooling. Sub-critical annealing is carried out at 735 to 785°C, followed by slow furnace-cooling.

Hardening — Grade 440 stainless steels are heated at 1010 to 1065°C, then quenched in air or oil. Oil quenching is usually carried out for heavy sections. Following this process, these steels are tempered at temperatures from 150 to 370°C, to achieve a high hardness and improved mechanical properties.

Tempering at temperatures between 425 and 565°C should be avoided as the corrosion and impact resistance properties of grade 440 tend to reduce in this range. Also, tempering of these grades at 590 to 675°C will result in high impact resistance and loss of hardness.

Contact Us

 

contact phoneT: + 44 (0)1902 409316
Fusion House
The Crescent
Willenhall
West Midlands
WV13 2QR

F: + 44 (0)1902 409304
E: sales@quest4alloys.com